Allium Species - Master List:  a - c

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This list of valid Allium species is currently under construction, with names added to the list weekly as research data is entered.  Anticipated completion is September 2001.  An attempt is made to list all valid Allium species, and to offer suggestions regarding taxonomic standing when there are conflicting opinions.  For each species listed, the following is included: author citation, species publication date, synonyms (with their own author citations), height and flower color, general distribution, habitat, major reference citation(s), links to photos (if any), and general notes.  The genus "section" that each species belongs is not always included here due to inconsistencies of opinion assigning the genus subdivisions.  However, this aspect might be added in later. This list should be used in conjunction with other associated lists, including: bibliography, bibliography discussion, synonyms list (alphabetical), and a list of dubious names and misnomers.
How many allium species are there?  Botanical references guess at the number of species, running the gamut from 500 - 1000 species (that's quite a wide range).   Numbering the species in HTML format is too difficult to manage, however when the input of species nears completion, the totals will be listed on this page.

Total number of species: ###    Total number of intraspecific taxa: ###     Total number of taxa: ####

 

UNDER CONSTRUCTION!

Species

Author

Pub. Date

Synonyms

 

Height

 

Flower

Color

Reference / Comments / Links
acuminatum Hooker 1839 acuminatum
   var. cuspidatum Fern.

cuspidatum Rydb.
10 - 30 cm bright pink, rose, red-purple, rarely white Dist:  Common species widespread throughout w. North America.
Hab:  Dry hills and plains, stony, sometimes alluvial soil, below 2000 m.
Ref:   Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest.
Photo: Portrait (2 photos)
Notes: Flowers May - July, can color whole hillsides when in peak bloom.
albidum Fischer
ex.
Bieb.
1819 flavescens Besser
ammophilum Hueffel
10 - 30 cm white or yellowish, sometimes reddish tinged Dist:  Europe, USSR, C. Asia
Hab:  Steppes and sandy ground, rocky places
Ref:   Flora Europaea
Notes: sect. Rhizirideum, cultivated, flowers July.
albidum
   ssp. caucasicum
(Regel)
Stearn
1978 angulosum
   var. caucasicum Regel

angularum
  var. caucasicum Regel
10 - 30 cm whitish tinged pink Dist:  Caucasus, USSR, C. Asia, Turkey
Hab:  Hot south facing exposures of mixed limestone & granite, rocky places, 1980-2100 m.
Ref:   Flora Europaea, Flora of Turkey
Notes: sect. Rhizirideum, cultivated, flowers July.
amplectens Torr. 1857 attenuifolium Kell.
attenuifolium var.
    monospermum Jeps.

occidentale Gray

monospermum Jepson
15 - 50 cm white or light pink Dist:  British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California
Hab:  Dry slopes and fields, mostly below 2000 m.
Ref:   A California Flora, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest.
Photo: Portrait (2 photos)
Notes: Flowers March - June.
atrorubens Watson 1871   6 - 15 cm red-purple, rarely white Dist:  California, Nevada.
Hab:  Dry hillsides and among sagebrush scrub, clay soils, in desert hills and mountains, 1665 - 2335 m.
Ref:   A California Flora
Notes: Flowers May - June.
atrorubens
   var. cristatum
(Wats.)
McNeal
1992 atrorubens ssp.
  inyonis (Jones)Traub
atrorubens var.
  inyonis (Jones)
  Ownbey & Aase
cristatum Watson
decipiens Jones, not
               Fischer
inyonis Jones
nevadense var.
  cristatum Watson
6 - 15 cm pale white or pink with dark pink midveins Dist:  California, Nevada.
Hab:  Among sagebrush scrub, 1335 - 2335 m.
Ref:   A California Flora, Madrono 39(2):86. 1972.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Flowers May - June. From Mono and Inyo counties, California, and adjacent Nevada, the synonyms frequently misspelled "inyoensis".
bisceptrum Watson 1871 bisceptrum
   var. utahense Jones
10 - 40 cm white, pale pink, or lilac Dist:  Oregon, Idaho, California, Utah, Nevada.
Hab:  Meadows and aspens groves, moist banks, less frequently on open slopes, 2165 - 3165m.
Ref:   A California Flora, Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest.
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Flowers May - July.
bisceptrum
   var. palmeri
(Wats.)
Cronq.
1977 palmeri Watson 10 - 20 cm
rarely 30 cm
pink to purple Dist:  Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona
Hab:  Open slopes and pine forests, mountains from 2165 - 2500 m.
Ref:   Intermountain Flora
Notes: Flowers May - June.
campanulatum Watson 1879 austinae Jones
acuminatum var.
    bidwelliae Jepson
bidwelliae Watson
bullardii Davidson
campanulatum var.
    bidwelliae Jepson
tenellum Davids. in part
5 - 15 cm
pale rose, pink, reddish, purplish, rarely white Dist:  Oregon, California, Nevada
Hab:  Open or shaded places in the mountains, dry slopes in woods,   from 675 - 2835 m.
Ref:   A California Flora
Photo: Portrait
Notes: Flowers May - June.
cepa L. 1753 ascalonicum auct non L.

cepa var. sylvestre Regel

cornutum Clementi (may be a bulbilliferous form of
cepa)
up to
100 cm
greenish white Dist:  Cultivated, unknown in the wild state.   The edible "onion" of vegetable fame.
Hab:  Fields
Ref:   Most references include this "species".
Notes: sect. Cepa, possibly derived from A. oscaninii, flowers June - Aug.
cratericola Eastw. 1934 parvum var. brucae Jones

parvum var. jacintense
Munz
2 - 7 cm, rarely up to 12 cm pink to purplish, light to dark purple Dist:  California
Hab:  Volcanic and serpentine soils, mostly below  835 m, but found 350 - 2300 m., bare serpentine talus slopes.
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California, Taxonomy of the Allium tribracteatum (Alliaceae) complex.
Photo: Portrait (2 photos)
           Portrait (a different form)
Notes: Blooms March - May in the wild. Beautiful dwarf species.
crispum Greene 1888 peninsulare var. crispum
Jepson
10 - 30 cm bright pink, red-purple, to orchid Dist:  California
Hab:  Heavy soil on rolling hills, below 835 m.
Ref:   A California Flora, The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California
Photo: Portrait (3 photos)
Notes: Blooms March - May in the wild. Beautiful species.
czelghauricum Bordz. 1912   8 -19 cm pink or lilac Dist:  Turkey, endemic
Hab:  not specified
Ref:   Flora of Turkey
Notes: sect. Rhizirideum
x x 19xx x cm x Dist: 
Hab: 
Ref:  
Photo:
Notes:
x x 19xx x cm x Dist: 
Hab: 
Ref:  
Photo:
Notes:
           

Allium Species - Master List:  a - c

 

a - z master list a - c d - f g - i j - l m - o p - r s - u v - z

 

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This page was last updated on 04/04/01